Tips for Writing Thesis Statement in Academic Writing

Thesis statement refers to one or two sentences that present the main idea in academic writing or any writing assignment, and assists in controlling ideas contained in the paper. Thesis statement is not simply a topic, it showcases a judgment or opinion developed by a writer from reading or personal experience. It indicates direction to the paper and confines to what the writer intends to write about. Likewise, it is also significant in alerting the readers on what the writer will discuss in the body of the academic paper. It is important in academic writing that all paragraphs of the body of an essay, support, explain, or argue with the thesis statement.

Moreover, a strong thesis statement needs proof, not merely a factual statement. Writer should support the thesis statement with detailed supportive evidence, that can also interest targeted readers and encourage them to proceed with reading of the paper. It is typically good practice to tie the thesis statement at the introduction, so that it can be used to lead the reader into the body of academic paper. The writer should not burry the thesis statement in the middle of  a paragraph or late in the paper, ensure as much clarity and specificity as possible and avoid vague or ambiguous words, and state the main point of the paper but desist from sentence structures such as “The point of my paper is…”.

Crafting Thesis Statement

Upon the determination of the type, purpose and target audience of the paper, the writer can start constructing a thesis statement by answering to an objective question.  For instance;

  • Question: “What is the impact of adopting computer technology in the employment sector?
  • Thesis: “Adoption of computer technology in the employment sector eases and speeds the work while also reduces employment opportunities.

The writer should further tailor the thesis statement to the type of essay paper one is writing; since not all essays are meant for similar purpose or goal. For instance, among others, analytical essay often breaks down an issue for in-depth examination and understanding; expository essay focuses on teaching or illuminating a merit; and argumentative essay focuses on presenting a claim or supporting an opinion to influence others’ position of reasoning. For example, the writer may proceed to argue that, “However, without the adoption and application of computer technology, the facets of development achieved today would never have been realized.”

The writer may further proceed to address a single issue or stance in detail so that writer’s position or points can be adequately supported in the paper; for instance, “Arguably, the adoption of computer technology has more multifaceted advantages than disadvantages in influencing human’s way of living.”

The best thesis statements should be fresh and dynamic, and should find an exciting way to approach the topic; hence, the writer must ensure the thesis is provable and can be supported by the evidence. Although various writers can adopt various approaches in developing the thesis statement, they should ensure: a clear topic or subject matter is presented, fully evidenced and keen in responding to “what (something being done)” and “why (because/reasons)”; and a brief summary of what writer intends to present in the paragraphs of the body of essay.

In a nutshell, the writer should ascertain the type and purpose of essay and the target audience to the paper; develop objective question and construct the response as the thesis; take a position or stance and prove it; approach it in two ways as a clear topic and condensed summary of the content; and limit the thesis statement to one or two sentences, attaching it to the introduction.